Think Tanks and Power in Foreign Policy: A Comparative Study by Inderjeet Parmar

By Inderjeet Parmar

What's the function of elites in shaping international coverage? Did unaccountable overseas coverage elites form the post-1945 international order? Chatham condominium and the Council on international kinfolk have been important in America's shift from isolationism to globalism, and in Britain's shift from Empire to its present pro-American orientation and have been additionally basic in engineering public backing for a brand new international order. Inderjeet Parmar offers new proof to teach how well-organized and well-connected elite imagine tanks helped to alter the area.

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22. Religious affiliations, race and ethnicity Just 25 of the 55 CFR leaders declared their religious affiliations in Who Was Who in America (or had such information provided for them in American National Biography). Twenty-one of those twenty-five were Protestants (eight episcopalians, followed by three presbyterians, a baptist, a congregationalist, a methodist and a unitarian; six did not mention a specific denomination). Denomination is clearly related to social status. As one view suggests, ‘A Methodist is a Baptist who wears shoes and has learned to read and write; a Presbyterian is a Methodist who went to college’ (McCormick and LaFeber, 1993, p.

As Temperley later noted, the hothouse of Paris ‘brought together leaders from the same country and the same race’, constituting ‘effective agencies for creating an opinion on international affairs at once charitable, sane, and well-informed . . ’ (Shoup and Minter, 1977, p. 12). In addition, a key motive was to further cement Anglo-American relations. As Professor James T. Shotwell had so presciently noted in 1919, Anglo-American relations would be severely strained by the inevitable recurrence of American anti-English and pro-German feelings.

3 There were nine Americans present, including George L. Beer, Whitney Hart Shepardson, General Tasker Bliss, James T. Shotwell, Archibald Cary Coolidge, Stanley N. Hornbeck and Ray Stannard Baker. Curtis led the meeting. He proposed that a small organising committee be established, with equal US and British representation, to prepare the Institute. He argued that world changes demanded that men of knowledge take the lead in scientifically studying foreign affairs to furnish political leaders with the requisite facts with which to make policy and ‘sound’ public opinion.

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