By Denis Alamargot; L. Chanquoy;
ERICESPERET collage of Poitiers, France Denis Alamargot and Lucile Chanquoy's e-book bargains a brilliant and unique presenta tion of major developments within the examine box dedicated to writing. First, it presents either younger and senior scientists with a comparative view of present theoretical types of composition, with diversified degrees of examining made to be had: each one component of those types is obviously located in its historic context, and scrutinized in its extra evo lution. moment, this good documented theoretical research of writing mechanisms is checked opposed to empirical info extracted from loads of up to date experimental stories; and absence of worthy information is believed to be underlined and outlined whilst famous. Following the standard description of writing stages in the beginning proposed through Hayes and Flower, the 1st a part of this e-book offers making plans, translating and revision methods and compares them to different researchers' conceptions (from Bereiter and Scardamalia, to Kellogg or Galbraith). Such displays of remoted versions do ex ist in literature; however the current paintings rather provides a very good comparative research of parts within every one of types, in a transparent and cumulative method; a fine-grained ob servation of variations among similarly-looking types can also be performed.
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Extra info for Through the Models of Writing
The Plan To Compose is not a content plan but rather a process plan (Cf Esperet, 1989, for a discussion the differences between process and content plan). It determines the order in which the different writing processes and sub-processes will appear (as a 'Procedural plan'). , for the authors, 'Generate Knowledge': generating and organising) as well as the linguistic translation of the semantic content ('Produce Text'). Inspired by Flower and Hayes' (1980) conception, Hayes and Nash (1996 : 43-45) have recently improved such a categorisation of the different planning types involved in writing activity, by differentiating the nature of representations concerned by each kind of planning (for instance, content, non content or text representations).
This concept of retrieval control by a knowledge structure (here, pragmatic) is relatively close, in its main principles, to the theories developed by Reiser and Black (1982; Cf. also PLANNINGPROCESS 41 Reiser, Black, & Abelson, 1985), assuming that knowledge recovery in Long Term memory is controlled by schemas, scripts, or frames. Automatic and controlled retrieval. Such a controlled recovering principle has equally been considered by Bereiter and Scardamalia (1987) in their theory on Knowledge Transforming Strategy (Cf General Introduction , Figure 3, page 8).
They also play a determining role concerning the specification of process management and control in production models. 2 Different ways to consider process management and control While all models agree about the necessity to temporarily manage the application of processes and to control their correct progress, there is no real consensus for the definition and the mode of functioning of the process ensuring this management and this control. In Hayes and Flower's (1980) model, it is the Monitoring process that, in relation with the Goal Setting sub-process, manages and controls the process realisation and thus determines writing strategies the most adapted to the production context and goals.